Los polioles, también llamados polialcoholes o alcoholes química se parece en parte a la de los azúcares y en parte a la de los alcoholes. Sugar alcohols are organic compounds, typically derived from sugars, that comprise a class of polyols. They are white, water-soluble solids that can occur. El Xylitol es un compuesto perteneciente a un grupo denominado “alcoholes de azúcar” o polioles. Se encuentra en la naturaleza en muchas.
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Xylitol and sorbitol are popular sugar alcohols in commercial foods.
Xylitol, un sustituto del azúcar que ayuda a prevenir las caries
Uses authors parameter CS1 maint: Polioless are white, water-soluble solids that can occur naturally or be produced industrially from sugars. Despite the variance in food energy content of sugar alcohols, EU labeling requirements azucared a blanket value of 2. Consumption of sugar alcohols affects blood sugar levels, although much less than does sucrose comparing by glycemic index.
With continued use, most people develop a degree of tolerance to sugar alcohols and no longer experience these symptoms. This property makes them popular sweeteners among diabetics and people on low-carbohydrate diets. Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. As a group, sugar alcohols are not as sweet as sucroseand they have slightly less food energy than sucrose.
Ethylene glycol [ citation needed ]. Arabitol 5-carbon Xylitol 5-carbon Ribitol 5-carbon. As an exception, erythritol is actually absorbed in the small intestine and excreted unchanged through urine, so it contributes no calories even though it is rather sweet.
A Practical Handbookp.
The table above presents the relative sweetness and food energy of the most widely used sugar alcohols. They have one OH group attached to each carbon. Mannitol 6-carbon Sorbitol 6-carbon Galactitol 6-carbon Fucitol 6-carbon Iditol 6-carbon Inositol 6-carbon; a cyclic sugar alcohol.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Sugar alcohols Sugar substitutes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The Everything Diabetes Bookp. Sugar alcohols occur naturally and at one time, mannitol was obtained from natural sources. Some individuals experience such symptoms even in a single-serving quantity. In commercial foodstuffs, sugar alcohols are commonly used in place of table sugar sucroseoften in combination with high intensity artificial sweeteners to counter the low sweetness.
Volemitol 7-carbon Isomalt carbon Maltitol carbon Lactitol carbon Maltotriitol carbon Maltotetraitol carbon Polyglycitol. This happens, for example, with the crystalline phase of sorbitolerythritolxylitolmannitollactitol and maltitol.
Ethylene glycol 2-carbon Glycerol 3-carbon Erythritol 4-carbon Threitol 4-carbon Arabitol 5-carbon Xylitol 5-carbon Ribitol 5-carbon Mannitol 6-carbon Sorbitol 6-carbon Galactitol 6-carbon Fucitol 6-carbon Iditol 6-carbon Inositol 6-carbon; alcohooles cyclic sugar alcohol Volemitol 7-carbon Isomalt carbon Maltitol carbon Lactitol carbon Maltotriitol carbon Maltotetraitol carbon Polyglycitol. However, like many other incompletely digestible substances, overconsumption of sugar alcohols can lead to bloatingdiarrhea and flatulence because they are not fully absorbed in the small intestine.
Unlike sugars, which tend to exist as rings, sugar alcohols do not. Mannitol Sorbitol Galactitol Azucared.
Food containing xylitol increased bone density in rat studies. They are used widely in the food industry as thickeners and sweeteners. Journal of thermal analysis. This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat Sugar alcohols are usually incompletely absorbed into the blood stream from the small intestine which generally results in a smaller change in blood glucose than “regular” sugar sucrose.
Studies have shown xylitol to be a deterrent to tooth decay.
More than acloholes million tons of sorbitol are produced in this way every year. They can however be dehydrated to give cyclic ethers, e. Sugar alcohols are not metabolized by oral bacteria, and so they do not contribute to tooth decay. Sugar alcohols also called polyhydric alcoholspolyalcoholsalditols or glycitols are organic compoundstypically derived from sugarsthat comprise a class of polyols.