Professor Everett L. Wheeler, review of The De Re Militari of Vegetius: The Reception, Transmission and Legacy of a Roman Text in the Middle Ages, ( review no. The treatise De re militari by Flavius Vegetius Renatus was the bible of Vegetius, who explicitly omitted cavalry from his exposition, became the. De Re Militavi, f86, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge) .. xxxiii () ; id. , “The influence of Vegetius’ De re militari”, Milituty Afluirs.
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And these men, as soon as enlisted, should be taught to work on entrenchments, to march in ranks, to carry heavy burdens, and to bear the sun and dust. The terrain is not overlooked. Rather than be forced to perform excessive labor and be under constant strain, most opted to join the auxiliaries of the legion.
Besides in the attitude of striking, it is impossible to avoid exposing the militagi arm and side; but on the other hand, the body is covered while a thrust is given, and the adversary receives the point before he sees the sword. Emmeram at Regensburg ; Lang, xliiii The music of the legion consists of trumpets, cornets and buccinae.
In order to do this he eulogises the army of the early Roman Empire. It ends with a paragraph starting: They had wooden horses for that purpose placed in winter under cover and in summer in the field.
De re militari – Wikipedia
To accustom soldiers to carry burdens is also an essential part of discipline. One of the few attempts to give the total number of manuscripts of various classical authors for the period before is the doctoral thesis of Hilda Buttenwieser u. Bad water is a kind of poison and the cause of epidemic distempers.
It was the ancient regulation that practice marches of this distance must be made three times a month. For it is activity, improved by continual practice, which forms the useful and good soldier. An overview of the line of reasoning is given in Barnes.
Indeed the adjective generalis appears only in the chapter heading to 3. This page was last edited on 5 Decemberat Nor would he ever have been able to have opposed Serrorius with success, if he had not prepared both himself and his soldiers for action by continual exercises of this sort. But when there happened any dangerous insurrection supported by infinite multitudes of fierce and barbarous nations, on such emergencies xe took the field with two armies under two consuls, who were charged, both singly and jointly, to take care to preserve the Republic from danger.
The five books of the Epitoma rei militaris were written between A. It is also certain that it is a much less expense to a State to train its own subjects to arms than to take foreigners into its pay. The most active and best disciplined men were selected for this service; and as their number was not very great, they easily retired in case of a repulse through the intervals of the legion, without thus occasioning the least disorder in the line.
Book IV discusses siege warfare, both defensive and offensive, in thirty chapters. All the different kinds of troops thus trained vegetiius exercised in their quarters will find themselves inspired with emulation for glory and eagerness for action when they come to take the field. One advantage, however, I derive from the nature of this work, as it requires no elegance of expression, or extraordinary share of genius, but only great care and fidelity in collecting and explaining, for rs use, the instructions and observations of our old historians of military affairs, or those who wrote expressly concerning them.
For the Romans not only made a jest of those who fought with the edge of that weapon, but always found them an easy conquest. The centuries were also subdivided into messes of ten men each who lay in the same tent and were under orders and inspection of a Decanus or head of the mess.
Subsequent chapters treat the combination of Vegetius with other texts in various codices and their owners. Italy ; olim Valerius Mazzarelli ; not in Lang. Must read if interested in strategy. They are affirmed to be the first who reasoned on the events of battles and committed their observations thereon to writing with such success as to reduce the military art, before considered as totally dependent on courage or fortune, to certain rules and fixed principles.
At the same time Vegetius’ hope for a revival of the ancient organization of the legion was impracticable.
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Such was the dependence on their discipline and resolution that this number was thought sufficient for any war they were engaged in. He is also prompted thereto by interest, the most prevailing consideration among men. It is asserted by those who have made the profession their study that an army is exposed to more danger on marches than in battles. He states quite frankly that his purpose was to collect and synthesize from ancient manuscripts and regulations the military customs and wisdom that made ancient Rome great.
Their ignorance of discipline makes them afraid of action and inspires them with insolence.
There is no reason to question his vegdtius authorship, however. De re militari became a military guide in the Middle Ages. The water must be wholesome and not marshy. But disobedience to the will of so great a Prince would be both highly criminal and dangerous.
If surrounded on all sides by the enemy, you must make dispositions to receive them wherever they come, and the soldiers should be cautioned beforehand to keep their arms in their hands, and to be ready in order to prevent the bad effects of a sudden attack.